Stability Properties of 1-Dimensional Hamiltonian Lattices with Nonanalytic Potentials

05 Apr 2021

Abstract

We investigate the local and global dynamics of two 1-Dimensional (1D) Hamiltonian lattices whose inter-particle forces are derived from nonanalytic potentials. In particular, we study the dynamics of a model governed by a “graphene-type” force law and one inspired by Hollomon’s law describing “work-hardening” effects in certain elastic materials. Our main aim is to show that, although similarities with the analytic case exist, some of the local and global stability properties of nonanalytic potentials are very different than those encountered in systems with polynomial interactions, as in the case of 1D Fermi–Pasta–Ulam–Tsingou (FPUT) lattices. Our approach is to study the motion in the neighborhood of simple periodic orbits representing continuations of normal modes of the corresponding linear system, as the number of particles NN and the total energy EE are increased. We find that the graphene-type model is remarkably stable up to escape energy levels where breakdown is expected, while the Hollomon lattice never breaks, yet is unstable at low energies and only attains stability at energies where the harmonic force becomes dominant. We suggest that, since our results hold for large NN, it would be interesting to study analogous phenomena in the continuum limit where 1D lattices become strings.

Authors: Oikonomou, T. and other authors

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